If you are looking to protect your wealth by moving to a low-tax country, international consultancy firm KPMG has published the information you need.
A new database lists the tax rates of every country between 2003 and 2019.
The surprise is only 13 nations out of more than 190 have a zero tax regime and they are almost exclusively in the Gulf States or Caribbean – except for tiny Brunei Darussalam in the Asia Pacific.
Without fail, each offers a splendid , sunshine climate – it seems tax havens don’t go to cold places.
Another nine countries have a top income tax rate between 7% and 10% – they are Guatemala, Central America, (7%) and Montenegro (9%), while taxpayers in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Macedonia, Mongolia, Romania and Serbia all enjoy a rate of 10%.
Seven of the 10 most highly taxed nations are in Europe, with Japan, Israel and the small tropical paradise of Aruba in the Caribbean.
The global average tax rate is 31.23%, rising to a high of 38.27% in the European Union and a low of 27.99% in Africa.
The research also offers information about social security rates paid by employers and employees in each country.
Countries with zero tax
- Antigua and Barbuda
- Brunei Darussalam
- Cayman Islands
- St Kitts & Nevis
- Saudi Arabia
- United Arab Emirates
Countries with 10% or less top tax rates
- Guatemala (7%)
- Montenegro (9%)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Macedonia, Mongolia, Romania and Serbia (All 10%)
Top 10 countries with the highest income tax rates
- Sweden (57.19%)
- Japan (55.95%)
- Denmark (55.89%)
- Austria (55.00%)
- Finland (53.75%)
- Aruba 52.00%)
- Netherlands (51.75%)
- Belgium (50.00%)
- Israel (50.00%)
- Slovenia (50.00%)
No other countries have income tax at a rate of 50% or more.